查尔斯教你如何权益挖矿


#1

09

字幕制作:Wang Yonggang, Mihori,Marco_孙浩,逐风

A lot of Korean investors and others are very interested in staking
很多韩国的投资者还有其他人都对权益挖矿非常感兴趣

and what would be the best way for average investors to start staking
那对于普通的投资者而言以何种方式进行权益挖矿是最佳的呢

Okay the way Ouroboros works is that anybody who holds ADA is technically eligible to participate in staking
好的 乌洛波罗斯协议技术上允许每一个ADA的持有者参与权益挖矿

There is no minimum threshold
并不设置最低参与的权益份额

So basically we have this idea of what’s called an epoch they have about every five days and
我们有一个概念叫做纪元 纪元以五天为一个周期

They have a bunch of slots in them
每个纪元内有很多时隙

And before Epoch begins an election is held
每个纪元开始前会有一个选举

So some source of randomness comes in and there’s a distribution of ADA
(选举结果)由一些随机数和ADA的权益分布共同决定

So let’s say Bob has 25% and Alice has 50% and Jim has 25%
我们假设Bob拥有25%的权益 Alice拥有50%而Jim拥有25%

So what happens is that randomness feeds into that distribution
(选举过程)会在权益分布的基础上加上一定的随机扰动

And it starts electing slots sequentially
然后据此逐一开始选举

So it says okay Bob should because he has a 50% chance of winning that slot
所以说Bob有50%的概率赢得某个时隙(成为该时隙的领导)

Runs the election and either Bob Jim or Alice someone of them win
进行这个选举过程 不是Bob就是Jim或Alice会赢得选举

And then you repeat that process
然后再重复这个过程

So technically anybody who holds ADA could win
所以技术上讲 任一ADA的持有者都有可能赢得选举

and be one of those 20600 slots for every epoch okay
成为每个时代20600 ( 这里是查尔斯的口误,应该是21600)个时隙中某个时隙的领导

So the reality is though the vast majority of people are probably not going to want to stake
而事实上大部分人可能并不想(直接)权益挖矿

Cause it’s you have to leave your computer on and there’s some knowledge you have to have for that
因为你必须保持电脑持续运行 而且你必须要有相关的知识去做到

So we created a delegation system as well
所以我们建立一个委托系统

So when your slot comes up if you’ve won you have three choices
当你赢得时隙时 会有三种选择

You can show up and do your job
你可以上线并完成工作

You can cannot show up or act maliciously
你也可以不上线甚至上线作恶

in which case you called a Byzantine actor
这种情况下你就是系统的拜占庭问题制造者

Or you can give that right to someone else
或者你也可以将你的权益权利交给其他人

that’s called a stake pool okay
也就是所谓的权益池

So what we want to do is to make that process
所以我们想要做的是让这个过程

as easy as possible for both sides
对双方都尽可能简单

both for the people who want to delegate
无论是对想要委托的一方而言

and the people who want to run a stake pool
还是对想要运行权益池的一方而言

So as we get closer to the Shelly release what’s going to happen is we’re going to turn on features within Daedalus
而随着我们Shelly版本即将正式发布 我们想要最终在代达罗斯钱包中开放这一功能

So there’s a delegation center within our wallet itself
未来在我们的钱包中就会内置委托中心

So if you want to run a stake pool you can register that stake pool on blockchain
因此如果你想要运行权益池你就能够在区块链上注册你的权益池

And then if it’s registered on our blockchain people can find your pool
一旦你的权益池在区块链上注册后 其他人就能找到你的权益池

They can click it and they click delegate that’s all they have to do
他们(想要委托的话)仅需要简单点击你的权益池然后点击委托

And then it’s staked and there’s no more work
然后委托就完成了 不需要其他操作

and then not only that we’ve come up with innovations like cold staking for example
不仅如此 我们还提出了一些创新等 例如冷权益

so you don’t actually have to have your private keys online in the Daedalus wallet to be able to do this
所以你的私钥不需要在代达罗斯钱包中连网 就可以做到这一点

you can create a proxy key
您可以创建一个代理密钥

so you can have your keys for example on a ledger Hardware wallet device
因此您可以将密钥放在Ledger硬件钱包设备上

or a paper wallet and you’re safe
或一个纸钱包 你会很安全

and then you can have a proxy key within Daedalus
然后你就可以在代达罗斯钱包里用这个代理密钥

that actually can allow you to manage your staking and so forth
让你实际上可以管理你的权益等等

and then on the stake pool side we’re going to create a docker image
然后在权益池那边 我们将创建一个Docker镜像

and create a system to try to incentivize a group of 25 to 100 stake pools to kind of come in
并建立一套系统 尝试激励约25到100个权益池进来

just so we have a starting set and help them get set up and help them get configured
让我们有一套开始规划 并帮助他们成立 帮助他们进行配置

so they can kind of run this as a business model
以便他们可以将其作为商业模式运行

and so the hope is that we can see the network architecture kind of consolidate around a collection of a few hundred stake pools
我们希望能够看到网络架构逐渐巩固在百多个权益池周围

and then we’ll get that kind of best of both worlds
我们将在两方面都做到最好

where we have the technical decentralisation a proof of stake
我们不但有技术上去中心的权益证明(POS)

but then we have the speed and efficiency of a federated quorum
我们也有拥有联邦分布式系统的速度和效率

like you would expect with Paxos or competing algorithms
就像你期待Paxos或竞争算法要做到的那样

so then you can optimize around that and get really fast speed and so forth
你可以围绕它进行优化 并且得到非常快的速度等等

so these things are coming they’ll come in stages
所以这些事情就快实现了 他们会分阶段进行

on the stake pool side
在权益池方面

we’re gonna have a registration form and anybody who’s interested can fill it out send it to us
我们会有一个注册表格 任何有兴趣的人都可以填写它寄给我们

and then we’ll have a series of communications and invitations and winnowing to get to a set
然后我们会进行一系列的沟通和邀请和调整 准备到某个程度

that we would like to launch with and put them on the test net
我们可以将它推出并放在测试网上

so we can verify what we think is running is running correctly
所以我们可以验证我们的想法可以运行并正确地运行

and for the everyday user it’ll just wake up one day your Daedalus will update
对于日常用户来说 有一天你的代达罗斯钱包会被叫醒并开始更新

you’ll see the center there
你会看到荧幕中央

and then you can decide do you want to run a stake pool
然后你可以决定是否要运行一个权益池

if so you can register it and download the docker image
如果你想要的话 你可以注册和下载Docker镜像

and deploy it if you’re more sophisticated
并进行配置如果你富有经验的话

if not you just click and click stick and that’s that
如果不是 你只需不停点击就好了

so it’ll be very simple
它会是非常简单

and that’s the hope is to make it as simple as possible for people
这就是希望尽可能地让人们感觉简单

it is an experiment I mean no one’s quite done it this way before
这是一个实验 我的意思是从来没有人这样做过

and ouroboros is a very new protocol
而且乌尔波若斯是个非常新的协议

so part of this is also having some patience
因此关于这部分也请保有一定的耐心

and understanding that we’re probably not going to get everything right at the first go
并理解第一次运行可能不会各部分都完美

so there’ll be updates and changes and so forth based upon what we discover from the data
所以会根据我们从数据中发现的讯息不断进行更新和改进等


#2

感谢工作人员 做的贡献。希望中国社区越来越强大。


#3

非常好的介绍,希望ada稳步快速成长,也为投资者带来好的收益。


#4

感谢及时的分享,收获很多。不过还是期待钱包能够支持简体中文,谢谢


#5

感谢团队默默的付出 相信艾达会越来越好。