Cardano continues to push forward as we eagerly anticipate the Shelley Haskell mainnet. The anticipated stake pool operator pledge will affect pools in a couple of ways. It will increase the ROS for stake pool operators who meet that minimum pledge. Operators must protect their minimum pledge and any withdrawal will result in the cancellation of rewards for all delegators throughout an epoch (5 day time period). Pledge becomes an increasingly important factor for all stake pool operators. Stake pool operators may be encouraged to team up in order to reach this minimum threshold. Without multisignature transactions, it may/may not be difficult to find suitable investors to meet this pledge amount.