If Kebele ID is basis for all services in the country, then those Kebele have to be part of this solution. Otherwise, you do not need blockchain and DID/SSI. What you need is revolution to take that power from Kebele (assuming they will not give it up willingly).
Blockchain technology is a tool and 100% neutral. It can work with any established authority. What it can’t do is force all services in a country to ignore current system. That’s human problem, not a tech problem.
That is exactly what I am suggesting. A tool to make the revolution. If enough individuals, churches and community organization that are not part of the political structure adopt the identity the people can compel the Kebeles to adopt. But the entry barrier for the kebeles to adopt has to be very low.
But they seem to imply in that video (and in the literature on DIDs in general) that DIDs can be bound to an individual. Otherwise, all those examples with education certificates make very little sense if I can just send my DID with all associated credentials to another person who then has my diploma and PhD.
Also doesn’t quite work with the asset analogy. That would require that I voluntarily send the world record asset (which as far as I understand the terminology is not a DID, but a VC bound to a DID) to the new record holder. Would be more like the sports association issuing a new world record certificate to the new record holder (and maybe withdrawing mine).
So, we are skeptical for overlapping, but different reasons.
Blockchain technology does help very, very little for identity, anyway.
You can’t do something with self-onboarding. I could just invent a whole village, let them all self-onboard and let them all mutually sign their identities (and land ownership and doctorates in particle physics and …).
But if the political structure is so untrustworthy, … (We should maybe press for IOHK not working with that same government – and being very proud about it – then?) … then an identity system can, of course, be prototyped by another organisation that is, well, organised enough. Your examples sound like the church might be a good candidate.
Just let that church run a certificate authority and that gives certificates to all its congregations. These congregations can then sign digital identities of the people – name, birthday, address, a photo, and maybe some other biometrical markers to assure that the person presenting the digital identity is really the same.
With the vaccination certificates, it has proven to be quite user-friendly to make such things presentable and verifiable by QR codes. Just present the QR code, in which all these attributes (photo maybe just as a hash and stored somewhere online) are encoded together with the signature by the congregation. Another person can scan it and their app validates the signature against the public certificate chain of the church and shows the result together with the attributes of the digital identity. No blockchain necessary, all personal information stored on the person’s device.
It doesn’t mean IOGs efforts are fruitless. The Atala Prism implementation in the schools is more about credentials than identity. But it will not solve societal problems, such as that is mentioned above.
If the society starts using SSI the SSI provided to the students will be useful as an identity.
The government has another identity solution which is a copy of India’s aadhar which by the governments estimate will take close to a decade to implement.
IOG as an organization can not solicit civic organizations and churches but if the identity system is available and easy enough for any one to implement he people, communities and organizations in need will implement it.
The internet and social media has freed information and empowered the people tremendously. Many of the color revolutions were possible because of this technologies. But this revolutions were not sustainable because of lack credential, reputation and support building mechanism to be able to build a system, that preserves the power the people got through the revolutions. Therefore it was taken away easily. SSI changes that equation.
Mot governments in developing world are weak. They were able to maintain their corrupt power because there was no tool for the people to effectively organize themselves. With SSI not only civic organizations that better represent the people will be empowered but actual DAOs with teeth can emerge challenging the corrupt system in place.
What the people need is tools that is easy enough to onboard themselves and their communities.