Grafana Dashboard Tutorial for Cardano Pool including Leader Panel

Once you have sucessfully set-up a Cardano pool, then comes the most beautifull part - setting up your Dashboard and Alerts! You surely dont want to gaze the PC whole day, or?

I found it difficult to get all the information at one place so am writing this documentaion and hopeully it helps others as well. This tutorial is for education and learning purpose only.

Prerequisites:

  • Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS (for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS please follow the alternative steps)

  • Cardano Block Producer Node (PN) up and running

  • Cardano Relay Nodes (RN) up and running

1. Install prometheus node exporter on Block Producing Node

for Ubuntu 20.04

$ sudo apt-get install -y prometheus-node-exporter

$ sudo systemctl enable prometheus-node-exporter.service

for Ubuntu 18.04 install node_exporter as prometheus-node-exporter does not expose all metrics

$ cd $HOME/git
$ wget https://github.com/prometheus/node_exporter/releases/download/v1.1.2/node_exporter-1.1.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz (choose your right server version)
$ tar xvfz node_exporter-1.1.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz

$ sudo cp node_exporter-1.1.2.linux-amd64/node_exporter /usr/local/bin

$ chown node_exporter:node_exporter /usr/local/bin/node_exporter

$ cd /etc/systemd/system

$ sudo nano node_exporter.service

Then, paste the following configuration for your service.

[Unit]
Description=Node Exporter
Wants=network-online.target
After=network-online.target

[Service]
User=<your user name>
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/node_exporter
[Install]
WantedBy=default.target

Exit nano, reload your daemon, and start your service.

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

$ sudo systemctl start node_exporter

$ sudo systemctl enable node_exporter.service

NOTE

for Ubuntu 18.04 use from now on in the tutorial the node_exporter.service instead of prometheus-node-exporter.service


Update mainnet-config.json config files with new hasEKG and has Prometheus ports.

$ cd $NODE_HOME
$ sed -i mainnet-config.json -e "s/127.0.0.1/0.0.0.0/g"

On PN you need to open ports 12798 and 9100

$ sudo ufw allow proto tcp from <RN IP address> to any port 9100

$ sudo ufw allow proto tcp from <RN IP address> to any port 12798

$ sudo ufw reload

restart the node

$ sudo systemctl restart <your BP node name e.g. cnode>

2. Install Prometheus and prometheus node exporter on Relay Node

Install Prometheus

$ sudo apt-get install -y prometheus

Install prometheus node exporter on RN (Ubuntu 20.04)

$ sudo apt-get install -y prometheus-node-exporter

NOTE

for Ubuntu 18.04 repeat the steps of PN above in the RN as well and install the node_exporter service instead


repeat Step 2 for all your RN

3. Install Grafana on Relay Node

$ wget -q -O - https://packages.grafana.com/gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -

$ echo "deb https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable main" > grafana.list
$ sudo mv grafana.list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grafana.list

$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y grafana

Enable services so they start automatically

$ sudo systemctl enable grafana-server.service
$ sudo systemctl enable prometheus.service
$ sudo systemctl enable prometheus-node-exporter.service

Update prometheus.yml located in /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

Change the ip address in the following command

$ cat > prometheus.yml << EOF
global:
  scrape_interval:     15s # By default, scrape targets every 15 seconds.

  # Attach these labels to any time series or alerts when communicating with
  # external systems (federation, remote storage, Alertmanager).
  external_labels:
    monitor: 'codelab-monitor'

# A scrape configuration containing exactly one endpoint to scrape:
# Here it's Prometheus itself.
scrape_configs:
  # The job name is added as a label job=<job_name> to any timeseries scraped from this config.
  - job_name: 'prometheus'

    static_configs:
      - targets: ['localhost:9100']

        labels:
          alias: 'relaynode1'
          type:  'cardano-node'

      - targets: ['<relay node 2 public ip address>:9100']

        labels:
          alias: 'relaynode2'
          type:  'cardano-node'
      - targets: ['<block producer public ip address>:9100']

        labels:
          alias: 'block-producer-node'
          type:  'cardano-node'
     - targets: ['localhost:12798']
        labels:
          alias: 'relaynode1'
          type:  'cardano-node'

     - targets: ['<relay node 2 public ip address>:12798']

        labels:
          alias: 'relaynode2'
          type:  'cardano-node'

     - targets: ['<block producer public ip address>:12798']
        labels:
          alias: 'block-producer-node'
          type:  'cardano-node'

EOF

if you have more than two RNs, add all your Relays as new “targets” in the config above

$ sudo mv prometheus.yml /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

restart the services

$ sudo systemctl restart grafana-server.service
$ sudo systemctl restart prometheus.service
$ sudo systemctl restart prometheus-node-exporter.service

Verify that the services are running properly

$ sudo systemctl status grafana-server.service prometheus.service prometheus-node-exporter.service

On RN open ports 3000 for Grafana

$ sudo ufw allow from <your local IP address> to any port 3000

4. Setting up Grafana Dashboard

On RN, open http://localhost:3000 or http://your relaynode ip address:3000 in your local browser.
Login with admin / admin
Change password

Click the configuration gear icon, then Add data Source
Select Prometheus
Set Name to “Prometheus”
Set URL to http://localhost:9090
Click Save & Test

Download my Dashboard that you see on the top of this page, from the following GitHub link and save the JSON file

SNSKY Dashboard Example

in Grafana, Click Create + icon (in left Menu) > Import
Add dashboard by Upload JSON file
Click the Import button.

If you nodes are in several time zones, it is usefull to add the Grafan Clock panel

$ grafana-cli plugins install grafana-clock-panel

Installed panels are available immediately in the Dashboards section in your Grafana main menu.

To see a list of installed panels, click the Plugins item in the main menu. Both core panels and installed panels will appear.

5. Add Data from Adapools to the Dashboard

Copy your JSON link or your Pool ID from Share/Promote Tab and JSON data outputs in adapools.org

Prometheus can work only with numeric data, so we must first trim non numeric strings which is returned from the JSON file. Lets create a shell script getstat.sh for the same

cd /$NODE_HOME

mkdir -p poolStat

cd poolStat

echo "curl https://js.adapools.org/pools/< YOUR POOL ID >/summary.json 2>/dev/null \

| jq '.data | del(.pool_id_bech32, .hist_bpe, .handles, .hist_roa, .db_ticker, .db_name, .db_url, .ticker_orig, .group_basic, .pool_id, .direct, .db_description, .tax_ratio_old, .tax_fix_old)' \

| tr -d \\\"{},: \

| awk NF \

| sed -e 's/^[ \t]*/adapools_/' > poolStat.prom" > getstats.sh

chmod +x getstats.sh

./getstats.sh

check the content of adapools.prom and it should not contain only numeric values

$ nano poolStat.prom

Configure promethues-node-exporter.service to grab data from poolStat.prom file

$ sudo cp /lib/systemd/system/prometheus-node-exporter.service /lib/systemd/system/prometheus-node-exporter.service_backup

$ sudo nano /lib/systemd/system/prometheus-node-exporter.service

Change ExecStart line to

ExecStart=/usr/bin/prometheus-node-exporter --collector.textfile.directory=< YOUR NODE FULL PATH >/poolStat --collector.textfile

Reload daemon and restart services

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

$ sudo systemctl restart prometheus-node-exporter.service

$ sudo systemctl restart prometheus.service

Now you should see in the Dashboard all Adapool statistics

Since the statistics will change, lets set cron job to update data from ADApools everyday

$ crontab -e
##############################

#Get data from ADApools every day at 06:00

0 6 * * * <YOUR NODE FULL PATH >/poolStat/getstats.sh

##############################

Done!

6. As last step let’s now setup Grafana Alerting and Email Notifications

Setup SMTP in Grafana

$ sudo nano /etc/grafana/grafana.ini

Edit the SMTP section

#############################

[smtp]
enabled = true
host = smtp.<email server>:465
user = <email user name>
# If the password contains # or ; you have to wrap it with triple quotes. Ex """#password;"""
password = <email password>
from_address = sam@sanskys.de
from_name = Grafana

#############################

Login to Grafana with username and password.

Click on the “Bell” icon on the left sidebar.

Select “Notification channels.”

Click on “Add Channel.” This will open a form for adding new notification channel.

Give a name to this channel. I am using “Alert”

Select Email from “Type” as we want to send notifications over email.

Check the “Send on all alerts” in case you want email on all alerts.

Select the checkbox of “Include image” in case you want to include the image of the panel as the body in the notification email.

Add the target email in “Email addresses” text area. You can use multiple email address separated by “;”

Click on “Send Test” if you want to verify your settings. This will send a sample email using the SMTP details we configured earlier.

Click on “Save” to add this channel

Create an Alert if PN is not reachable

Please not that Alerts can only be created for “Graph” panels!

Now we create an Alert to get an emaial if the PN is not reachable

In the “Connected Peers” panel go to Alerts

Define the Rule “Connected Peer Alert” Evaluate every “1m” For “2m”

Condition

WHEN "last()" OF "query(A, 1m, now)" "HAS NO VALUE"

No Data & Error Handling

If no data or all values are null SET STATE TO “No Data”

If execution error or timeout SET STATE TO “Alerting”

Notifications

Send To - Choose your notofication channel, which in my case is “Alert”

Message - type in your alert message that should appear in the email

Press on “test Rule” to ensure that the Alert is correct and has no issues.

Now you are done! Stop you PN and you should get an Alert within 4min.


NOTE

If everything works, now you should have a smile on your face! And if you wish to support the Tutorial work, you could donate or delegate to my pool - SNSKY

Donation Address
addr1qyyhd8cpv4gmhr5axerhezhtzldrw4rp9ayf0fc6arnme4cg46du2qg366943uy0dw5yjmna7arfw265lu4r2fjccl4scf7xrw

SNSKY Pool ID

075578defd7ee97cbeaa2937e5819099cb3835ac9f9c8b1a2c3a3578

7. Recommended: Disabling Grafana Registrations and Anonymous Access

We should make Grafana a bit more sucure and to do so lets change two settings

$ sudo nano /etc/grafana/grafana.ini

Locate the following allow_sign_up directive under the [users] heading and change the line to as follows

##########

[users] # disable user signup / registration

allow_sign_up = false

##########

Next, locate the following enabled directive under the [auth.anonymous] heading and change the line to as follows

[auth.anonymous]

enabled = false

Save the file and exit your text editor and to activate the changes, restart Grafana.

$ sudo systemctl restart grafana-server

Leader Panel

8. Advanced Users: Slot Leader Panel

Once your Pool gets big and is regularly minting blocks, it becomes diffcult to keep track of all Leader Slots and also to identify the available gaps for Pool maintainance. This Slot Leader Panel is quite helpful as it gives a good overview of all scheduled Slots in TimeSeries.

First Step is to get the Leaderlog. This can be done using the cncli tool: GitHub - AndrewWestberg/cncli: A community-based cardano-node CLI tool

Since the log has to interpreted by Grafana, we need to format it in a readable syntax. Please add the following lines to your cncli-leaderlog shell script and change the timezone to UTC. Grafana expects the timestamp in UTC and uses browser time, to convert the timestamp to local time zone.

#######################################################################

AT=$(jq '.[].at' <<< $ASSIGNED | sed -e 's/.......$//' -e 's/T/ /g' -e 's/"/''/g')

SLOT=$(jq '.[].slot' <<< $ASSIGNED)

NO=$(jq '.[].no' <<< $ASSIGNED)

 

paste <(echo "$AT") <(echo "$SLOT") <(echo "") <(echo "$NO") --delimiters , > slot.csv

sed -i '1 i\Time,Slot,No' slot.csv

cat slot.csv

#######################################################################

The whole script including this addition can be copied from here:

Slot Leader Script

Copy the slot.csv file to your Grafana node manually. This step could be automated but I dont wish to open extra ports for this so I just copy and paste the content of the slot.csv file.

Next, we add the CSV Plugin to Grafana. Please follow the instructions under the section “Installing on a local Grafana:”

Grafana CSV Plugin

After the installation, in Data Sources now the CSV Plugin should be listed. Configure the CSV Plugin by specifying the location of the slot.csv file. Save & Test and if all steps were followed correctly, you should get the green sucess messsage.

The final step is to add the Slot Leader Panel to your dashboard. For that click on the “Add Panel” and “Add New Panel” icons.

Then click on “Query inspector” and and “JSON” buttons.

Delete the existing JSON code and replace it with the following:

Slot Leader Panel

Now click on “Apply” and thats it! You should be able to see all your Leader Slots from last 6 Hrs to next 18 Hrs and this time window shifts automaically.

Happy minting!

4 Likes

Great tutorial! I have all up and running.

I have an issue. KES Key shows me 63 days left and gLivewView (on BP) shows me 42. Tried with another json from CoinCashew with same results (I guess error is on my side then)

What could it be?

Thanks!
Both are right. gLiveView shows the KES Period left and Grafana Panel shows the days left.
1 KES Period is 1.5 days, so 42 * 1.5 = 63 days :slight_smile:

1 Like

Oh! Great info! Thanks a lot

1 Like

That’s great thank you very much

1 Like