I do not want to stop the node and change view. Is there a way to query the running node from CLI to view the list of peers?
You can use gLiveView for that. Also, if you run the topology updater you should have an updated topology file with the currently (configured) peers, which however do not necessarily correspond to the list of actual peers.
U can find them inside the topology file
Ok. so only live view can show me the actual list.
Here you get it for free with your docker node - topology updates too.