Cardano and RINA - Recursive InternetWork Architecture

Is Cardano thinking about using RINA for DApps or communication among the network? I remember a discussion a while back on how Cardano might be implementing RINA and Charles discussing the use of RINA back in late 2017, but since than, its been crickets.

If anyone is a RINA expert let me know, its an amazing weird way of thinking of how the internet is flat, outdated, and communication is based on distributed communication instead of TCP/UDP.


It is planned to be majorly worked on in “Basho” (~2019). It should help solve the network communication speed itself and also the problem of small private MPC networks (for off-chain smart-contracts and transactioning)

They talk about it in this video:

Thank you. And this is a huge leap of creating a truly distributed system. I don’t think most people understand when RINA is implemented, it changes the landscape of the internet. What are your thoughts @vantuz-subhuman?

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Great topic!

I have been talking to a network specialist. He says RINA is indeed an amazing tech, but it may require the whole architecture of internet to be replaced: routers, etc.

And you and I know, companies don’t want that.

So my guess is that Cardano will implement RINA in top internet’s current hardware. Unless they have a way to integrate special hardware on stakepool levels. That would be something marvelous to watch.

I am not sure if it’s at all possible so I will let others chime in…

Hahaha but their will always be that one company…

Unfortunately, I know absolute jacksh*t about specifics of RINA, and I still have tons and tons of documentation to RTFM about it, so I just wait for 2019 to lean back and enjoy the ride, learning as we go :slight_smile:

But knowing IOHK I expect my reaction to actual implementation details being somewhat like:


That’s funny, but knowing the context of that “surprised” look, I can say it was fake.

Unless you really meant that you’d be “fake-surprised” you might want to change the meme :wink:

You are thinking waaaay too deep in a conversation with me :japanese_ogre: I am a simple man. I see funny face - I use it :slight_smile:

Yeah I get that a lot… :slight_smile:

@vantuz-subhuman I feel your pain. RINA is deep, could you provide some good documentation or web resources? I have found a few, but it is mostly academic institutions and scattered.

Also I think @ZCryt0Knight is an American for making that assumption about Hillary :slight_smile:

Nothing against Hillary here… but on me being an American:

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Oh god!! Please don’t put her face on this forum!! Ugh lol

Well RINA itself is extremely academic, and so are any sources :slight_smile: I think actually reading thru this and going into external sources would already be an achievement :sob:

Then there’s special website about it:

Then there’s this beautiful website that I read 0% of yet :sob: (And it mentions IOHK):

These slides look nice so I would prolly try to find the original talk (if it were recorder at all):

And then, of course, binging thru all of these :slight_smile: :


I Knew it @ZCryt0Knight was an American!

Thank @vantuz-subhuman I’ll add it to the list of RINA resources. And yes heavily academic. Another foundation called IRATI has a github project for a RINA implementation for OS/Linux


(and all the subsequent thoughts, concerns and jokes)

While I have been working with TCP/IP, BGP, AS, DNS, DDOS and so on for almost two decades, this RINA thing mentioned here really surprised and inspired me from the very first moment.
And yes also for me a big question mark is HOW they simply want to implement such a “layer” on all this highly optimized devices with often put on silicon highspeed packet-forwarding logic.
At one side it offers much more anonymousity and DDOS immunity for the SL/CL-nodes, on the other side it looks like falling back to “old-school” dedicated p2p connections defined and established between single network providers. One provider only knows his direct neighbours and so the first step and direction to an (anonymous) host name somewhere behind of it. But you can’t traceroute it or whois/lookup the destination IP’s network owner. At max you can guess by latency and lightspeed calculations if its relative close or on the dark side of the moon.

I’m not sure yet if this would require a separate network protocol layer beyond or beside IP. And so Cisco/Juniper backbone-class devices must support it. Or if it’s “only” some new kind of routing protocol, who looks more like a hosts file, RIP or IGRP instead of todays dynamic BGP-tables.
If only implemented in a virtual way on top of TCP/IP it would be not more then a “CryptoVPN” (somewhere between OpenVPN and Onion-stuff).

Beside the pretty abstract wikipedia article I found this her quite interesting and practical oriented


Is there anyway to get a discussion with IOHK to clarify what they mean by RINA? I have been in and out of this forum for a while and haven’t seen that link yet.


And this: